Major Cardiovascular Diseases in India


The cardiovascular diseases are basically those conditions which affect the functioning of the heart. There are certain diseases such as Atherosclerotic disease which affects the arteries of the heart, Valvular heart disease affect the functioning of valves which control the blood flow from and to the heart. Cardiomyopathy is another disorder which affects the way heart muscles contract. In certain cases heart structural problems develop due to infection before birth.

Coronary artery diseases or the atherosclerotic disease is the most prevalent heart disease in the world. As per the best cardiologist in India, the symptoms and signs of these disease may be inclusive of:

  • Pain in the chests, neck, back or arm
  • Quickness of breath
  • Irregular Heart Beat
  • Sweating
  • Nausea

But then it is not compulsory that people who have this disease would have pain the chest as an indication. Some generic indications could be indigestion or even inability to perform exercises as normally as they once could.

What are the risk factors of heart diseases in India?

There are innumerable factors which can increase the probability of a heart disease. Some habits can cause the arteries to block by the creation of plaque in them. The term used to describe that condition is Atherosclerosis which is made up of two words – athero which means fatty plaque and sclerosis which means hardening. The factors that can put people at an increased risk for the heart diseases are as under:

  • Smoking
  • High Cholesterol
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Obesity
  • Family History
  • Diabetes

These risk factors mentioned above are common for stroke and peripheral artery disease and in case an individual is diagnosed with either of these three problems, is at an increased risk of developing the other.

Diagnosis of Heart disease

The diagnosis of heart diseases starts by taking the history of the patient into consideration. The specialist and the doctors must comprehend the symptoms of the patient and this might be troublesome. Regularly, specialists and doctors get some information about pain in the chest, however the patient may deny having pain since they see their symptoms as pressure or heaviness. Words likewise may have distinctive implications for various individuals. The patient may depict their inconvenience as sharp, which means extreme, while the doctors may comprehend that term to mean stabbing. Consequently, it is imperative for the patient to be permitted to set aside the opportunity to portray the symptoms in their own particular words and have the specialist or doctor attempt to elucidate the terms being utilized.

The best cardiologist in India may make inquiries about the quality and amount of discomfort, where it is found, and where it may travel or emanate. It is imperative to think about the related side effects including sweating, shortness of breath, sickness, vomiting, and indigestion, and weakness additionally.

The conditions encompassing the symptoms are additionally imperative.

  • Are the symptoms expedited by action?
  • Is there any improvement after rest?
  • Since symptoms started, does less movement incite beginning of the symptoms?
  • Do the symptoms wake the patient?

These are questions that may help choose whether the angina is steady, advancing, or getting to be flimsy.


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